Modularization, not customization, is how Scania builds BEV trucks that perform a variety of tasks, from mining transport and tipping, waste management and food delivery. Using a series of modular components, the company can build trucks for different functions, choosing cabs, powertrains, bodies, chassis and wheel configurations from a “basket” that now includes lithium battery arrangements.
Modular assembly is one of the company’s key strengths, which can also have components purpose-built from other vendors based on customer design requirements if needed.
In this story CleanTechnica reached out to Scania to find out the BEV truck variants it has produced since the company made a clear decision to electrify its range in 2019 and began rolling it out in 2020.
Last year, the company created a fully electrified 64-ton refrigerated food truck for Dagab, a Swedish food brand under Axfood. Already using hybrid vehicles in Stockholm, Dagab has added this huge refrigerated transporter for use in the Gothenburg region, demonstrating how Scania can deliver smart technology for refrigerated and frozen electrified food transport.
As charging infrastructure is a vital component for heavy transport, Scania and Dagab have created stations that charge vehicles with green electricity. The truck aims to run more than the company’s other non-electric vehicles with at least two shifts per day, resulting in a significant reduction in climate and environmental impact, on a route of approximately 300-450 km per day. With the third shift, the impact on the climate will be even smaller.
Heavy-duty electric and refrigerated food transport is a challenge in terms of technology, as it requires a compatible interface between electrical outlets for temperature control and intelligent integration to minimize energy consumption for both truck and trailer. The vehicle therefore has stronger components than the electric vehicles that Scania now has in series production to be able to handle demanding operations.
“Fossil fuel-free food transport is essential to reduce the climate impact of our vehicles. By now using an electric truck of this size, we are making a real difference and reducing our emissions. This is the next step towards transportation completely free of fossil fuels and operating with zero emissions by 2030 at the latest,” said Helena Blom, transport manager at Dagab, pointing out that the electric truck started its journey in the summer of 2022 and revealed the plans for presentation at the important European truck fair in Elmia until the end of August.
I’m working my way through it
Scania’s modular assembly systems have also created an electric heavy-duty tipper which began operations earlier this year and will be in operation for five months this August. A dump truck works together with an electric crane at the LKAB mine in Malmberget, northern Sweden.
These vehicles were created in close coordination with customers and the development gives Scania the chance to test and operate fully electric trucks in the challenging environment of underground mines.
“Electric trucks are part of the ambition to set a new standard for sustainable mining, where fossil fuels are used without residue. We are transitioning our fleet away from fossil diesel and as we test the capacity of battery electric vehicles, truck selection decisions must contribute not only to higher productivity, but above all to a more sustainable mine. and a safer working environment,” Peter Gustavsson, project manager at LKAB, said in a press statement.
The heavy dump truck has a total weight including cargo of 49 tons and will transport residual products. The second truck is equipped with a crane, which is designed to transport drill steel to underground drilling rigs. The electric truck with a crane will be charged at the depot, but to increase flexibility, mobile charging at stations will also be possible.
The second project, also in the same sector, involves cooperation this time with the mining company Boliden. The 74-ton electrified heavy-duty truck was handed over to the company earlier this spring in 2022. The electrified truck is part of the company’s goal to reduce CO2 emissions by 40% by 2030. The truck tested its full capacity in service earlier this quarter.
The technical solutions of the electrified truck are based on the current mass-produced technology from Scania’s modular “bin”, but with stronger components added due to the nature of the work the truck is intended to do.
Scania is building a total of 110 BEV trucks for Swedish truck technology company Einride, which already has one of Europe’s largest electric truck fleets. As a leading provider of comprehensive digital, electric and autonomous transportation solutions, Einride plans to further expand its market presence through this partnership.
The trucks were built to Einride’s hardware specifications and powered by its first-of-its-kind operating system called Saga. Fleet data statistics that are generated through the Saga platform will be provided to Scania for further joint product development between the teams. This ensures that the further development of electric trucks is efficient and optimized.
“We look forward to the start of this important partnership as we expand across Europe. These 110 trucks will make a significant contribution to our fleet expansion as we continue to join forces with renowned industry players such as Scania to drive innovation and product development in the global transport industry,” explained Ellen Kugelberg, Chief Product Officer at Einride.
The Einride order is Scania’s largest electric heavy-duty truck order in Europe to date. It is also just the beginning of a new long-term partnership that will contribute to both companies’ ambitions to expand electric road freight transport.
At the time of writing, Scania is finalizing the delivery of 78 fully electric L-Series trucks to the Amager Resource Center (ARC) for municipal waste management in the Copenhagen region. The first two trucks were already delivered last December 2021, and the rest of the fleet will be delivered during 2022 and the first half of 2023. After this order is completed, the company can request another 23 trucks.
Low-floor L-series cabs with Scania City Door improve the working conditions for the driver and crew with their ergonomics and driver comfort, optimized for urban transport operations that involve frequent stops.
“It was important for us that the trucks have a high level of safety and new innovative safety solutions. Scania also offered comprehensive training and education, including emergency service, combined with a strong service network that ensures high uptime,” explained Jacob Hartvig Simonsen, Managing Director of ARC.
Decarbonizing waste management and recycling is an important part of Copenhagen’s ambitious goal to become the world’s first carbon-neutral capital by 2025. ARC’s iconic Amager Bakke waste-to-energy plant with its rooftop ski slope and recreation area is a symbol of a sustainable city of ambition, and ARC strives to , to become the world’s first carbon neutral waste factory.
Taking over the burden On the Road
The first electric road test track equipped with overhead contact lines has been in Germany since June 2020. Two years later, the track along the A5 near Frankfurt is being extended by another 7 kilometers, the construction of which is expected to be completed by the end of this year.
Scania initially operated three EV trucks equipped with pantographs. By January 2021, five trucks were using the five-kilometer electric roadway. Before the beginning of this year, another seven trucks were added.
While testing is ongoing, actual deliveries are taking place, Scania manages vehicle maintenance and data collection from test vehicles. The first four trolleys are operated by Schanz, Meyer Logistics, Contargo and Merck. The last of the five trucks was delivered to the German building materials supplier Knauf last year. With all five trucks now in daily service on the five kilometer electrified section of the A5 motorway, data will be collected for several studies to explore the benefits of e-roads.
“This pilot project fits well with our commitment to use all resources responsibly. We hope this will provide us with insights that will help us make our logistics processes even more sustainable, especially in metropolitan areas,” said Knauf Group Manager Christoph Dorn.
The electrification system used on these roads, developed by Siemens, allows trucks with the necessary pantograph mounted on their roofs to travel at speeds of up to 90 km/h on full electric power, which after leaving the electrified section is converted back to the truck’s internal combustion engine. , ideally powered by biodiesel for greater CO2 reduction.
“If the feedback is positive and if about one third of the German highway network is equipped with electrified catenary lines, in the future approximately 80 percent of heavy goods vehicles registered in Germany will be able to operate in electric mode using this technology.” This will really make a significant contribution to reducing carbon emissions,” explains Heinrich Kerstgens, Co-CEO of Contargo.
R&D on a new test track
Scania has also invested heavily in its new Södertälje test track for electric vehicles (EVs) and self-driving vehicles. This site is also where the company established its new headquarters. In this test facility, the company will develop and test its future BEV trucks.
“We continue to work with customers who are willing to try innovative solutions with us. For Scania, the opportunity to test electric vehicles in extreme environments in real customer operations towards sustainable transport solutions in all applications is very valuable,” said Fredrik Allard, Head of E-Mobility at Scania.
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